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Citation: Arch Oral Biol. 2021 Feb;122:104982.

Authors: Anastasia Papadelli, Kyriaki Kyriakidou, Georgios A. Kotsakis, Eudoxia Pepelassi, Antonis Kallis, Ioannis A. Vrotsos, Ioannis K. Karoussis

Abstract: Human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) are involved in inflammatory responses to bacteria by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns. In search of host modulation strategies to increase LPS tolerance, Low level laser therapy (LLLT) has been suggested as an alternative treatment that reduces periodontal tissue inflammation. In this study, we investigate whether 810 nm (diode) and 1064 nm (Nd:YAG) laser wavelengths, modulate pro-inflammatory responses to LPS challenges in hGFs. Primary hGFs were challenged with Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS and irradiated with either Diode (810 nm) or with Nd:YAG (1064 nm) lasers. Cell cultures were examined for cell proliferation by MTT assay and IL-6 and IL-8 expression by qPCR at 24, 48 and 72 h. IL-6 and IL-8 protein levels were detected via ELISA. Naïve hGF populations irradiated with both Diode 810 nm and Nd:YAG 1064 nm lasers demonstrated cellular proliferation (p < 0.05), but LLLT did not affect cellular viability in LPS-challenged cells. IL-6 and IL-8 gene expression levels revealed significant anti-inflammatory effects of irradiation with both examined wavelengths on hGFs challenged with P. gingivalis LPS. Protein levels of these cytokines were increased by LPS challenge. Treatment with LLLT inhibited this increase for both wavelengths evaluated in the study at a statistically significant level particularly for the first 48 h. The present study demonstrates a modulatory effect of LLLT using both 810 nm diode and Nd:YAG 1064 nm lasers in gingival fibroblasts by decreasing the production of IL-6, IL-8 in response to LPS.

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